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ERIC Number: ED180680
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Perceived Health and Life Outlook Among the Rural Elderly.
Danforth, Diana M.; And Others
Differences in life outlook and self-perceived health often attributed to age differences among the elderly were found to be more accurately explained by education. The young-old (62-74 years) and the old-old (75 years and older) were compared among 495 elderly in two rural counties in western Arkansas during 1977. The respondents had a median annual household income of $3,600, a median educational level of 8.4 years, and 52% were female. The old-old were more likely to perceive themselves in better health than others their age. But when six variables (sex, age, marital status, per capita income, years of school, and number of days sick in bed) were entered into a predictive model for self-perceived health, differences were explained by education. That is, those with better educations rated their health more positively. There was no difference between the two age groups in sick days, although the old-old reported more days hospitalized and trips to the doctor. However, no predictive model for health status measures was statistically significant. On measures of life satisfaction, the old-old were slightly more pessimistic than the young-old. Conclusions indicated that as educational levels improve, or as the better educated middle-aged population joins the ranks of the elderly, perhaps we can expect them to have an improved outlook on life. Although superior education does not guarantee against physical ailments and ill fate, it does appear to cushion their impact. (Author/NEC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas