ERIC Number: ED180554
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Determining the Effectiveness of Freshman Composition.
Rollins, Charles E.; And Others
The first and last essays of 209 randomly selected students who had received a passing grade in English Composition I at Bucks County Community College during Fall, 1976, were evaluated at the end of the semester by a committee of English teachers from other institutions. The committee assessed improvement in relation to several instructional objectives: content, unity, coherence, sentence structure, mechanics, word usage, and diction. Results showed that: (1) over 73% demonstrated substantial improvement in meeting instructional objectives as well as in writing polish; (2) 20% demonstrated only slight improvement or improvement that was negated by regression; and (3) 5% demonstrated regression. Improvement appeared most often in coherence, while improvement in mechanics and diction was noticeably lower than for the other objectives. Additional comments made by the committee pointed out that, despite improvements, students continued to make heavy use of periodic, declarative sentences and literal, rather than figurative, language. The study report is appended by a Department of Language and Literature report detailing the methods of the study; a copy of the instructions given to instructors and readers; a listing of theme titles; and a detailed presentation of findings. (JP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, College Freshmen, Community Colleges, Course Objectives, English Instruction, Expository Writing, Skill Development, Student Evaluation, Student Improvement, Summative Evaluation, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bucks County Community Coll., Newtown, PA.