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ERIC Number: ED180349
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-17
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Distribution of Women Scientists: The Numbers Are Misleading. The Academic Employment Patterns of Women and Men Scientists Differ Across Fields and in Status.
Rose, Clare; And Others
Academic employment patterns of women and men scientists in eight disciplines were studied. The primary data source was the National Science Foundation's (NSF) annual surveys of "Scientific and Engineering Personnel Employed at Universities and Colleges." Data were also obtained from site visits from a representative sample of nine of the total 50 leading doctorate-granting institutions included in the study. It was found that a greater percentage of women are employed in large and in prestigious institutions. Women are being employed in the top-ranked departments in the 50 leading doctorate-granting universities, a finding which implies a significant gain in status for women in academe. However, the positions that these women occupy could not be identified from the NSF data. Women were the most prominent in psychology, comprising 25 percent of the employees, and least prominent in engineering, comprising only three percent of the employees. Women continue to be concentrated in the life sciences, the social sciences, and psychology; they continue to be least visible in the technical disciplines such as engineering and the physical sciences. Women scientists were found to be concentrated in the very largest institutions; women in the social sciences were almost equally represented in small and large schools. Many women scientists were found to be in nontenured research positions. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A