ERIC Number: ED180332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Climbing the Academic Ladder: Doctoral Women Scientists in Academe.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.
The status of women scientists in academic institutions is examined as well as women's current situation in postdoctoral training and their role on national science advisory boards. Obstacles that women must overcome to become professional scientists are discussed in Chapter I, focusing on cultural and structural factors. Characteristics, educational patterns, and supply of women doctorates in the sciences are examined in Chapter II. Men and women were found to be similar in quality, length of time spent to earn a degree, and in proportions that are trained at highly rated institutions. Chapter III examines sex differences in postdoctoral training patterns. Recent developments in the academic employment of men and women scientists are discussed in Chapter IV. Changes in numbers, rank, tenure, and salary are investigated. It is noted that the increase in women Ph.D.'s that began in the 1960's has been followed by an increase in their presence among science faculties. Participation of women in three major groups within the national science advisory system is reviewed in Chapter V. Figures from the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineers, and the Institute of Medicine indicate an increase in the rate of election of women. An overview of the current prospects of women scientists in academe is presented in Chapter VI as well as recommendations for improving these prospects. It is suggested that the status of women Ph.D.'s in academic science has improved, but that further gains are necessary to ensure equal opportunities. (SF)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Career Ladders, College Faculty, Doctoral Degrees, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Federal Programs, Females, Higher Education, Males, Occupational Mobility, Personnel Policy, Postdoctoral Education, Promotion (Occupational), Salaries, Scientists, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Tenure, Trend Analysis
Office of Publications, National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 ($8.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.