ERIC Number: ED180213
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Identifying Needs and Setting Goals. The ACTFL Foreign Language Education Series, Vol. 10.
Medley, Frank W., Jr.
The teaching of foreign languages, like other subjects in the curriculum, must change to incorporate the strategies and technologies which evolve from a new perspective of materials and methods. Accordingly, several reasons are suggested for a systematic approach to constructive chanqe. Needs assessment, a process comprised of a series of empirical steps that define organizational purposes and identify and/or being valid and compatible means for their realization, is proposed as one approach. It is recognized that the evolution must be facilitated and directed by classroom teachers and that the manner of their participation in program development must be efficient in terms of their time and energy. The procedure described has two main parts: (1) an eleven-step needs assessment or discrepancy analysis; and (2) a set of post-needs-assessment actions which act upon the data produced in steps 1 through 11. All the steps are described in detail so that teachers and curriculum designers will be able to: (1) derive, validate, and prioritize goals; (2) prepare and validate performance objectives; (3) assess the current state of the learners' abilities; (4) develop needs statements; and (5) implement strategies to resolve the differences between current and desired student performances. (AMH)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Language Instruction, Language Programs, Language Teachers, Needs Assessment, Organizational Change, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Not available separately; See FL 010 779
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, New York, NY.