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ERIC Number: ED180136
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-May-25
Controlling Child Abuse in America: An Effort Doomed to Failure and Effects of Preinstitutional History and Institutionalization on the Behavior of the Retarded.
Two papers, one on child abuse and the other on effects of preinstitutional history and institutionalization on the behavior of the retarded, are presented. In the first paper the author stresses the need to document the scope and nature of child abuse in American society and discusses the difficulties in defining where on the continuum discipline ends and child abuse begins. Some characteristics of situations in which child abuse is likely to occur, such as the working single parent home, are cited. Courses in parenting are suggested as part of the effort to reduce child abuse. The author finds society's willingness to accept corporal punishment as an acceptable means of discipline at the root of the child abuse problem. Six suggestions for reducing abuse are provided. The second paper focuses on the impact of institutionalization on the behavior and development of retarded individuals. It is contended that three classes of variables determine the effects of institutionalization; they are individual characteristics, the nature of the institution, and measures of the behavioral status and growth of retarded persons (including both cognitive and motivational factors). The importance of the institutional variable is stressed, and incorporates areas such as demography, social/psychological characteristics of the institution, administrative structure, employee attitudes, and actual resident care. Results of several studies are provided. (PHR)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Child Abuse, Environmental Influences, Etiology, Family Characteristics, Family Problems, Institutional Characteristics, Institutionalized Persons, Mental Retardation, Opinions, Parent Child Relationship, Research Reviews (Publications)
Meyer Children's Rehabilitation Institute, 444 S. 44th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68131 ($2.50)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ. Medical Center, Omaha. Meyer Children's Rehabilitation Inst.