ERIC Number: ED180040
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
The Relationship between Sex-Role Stereotyping in TV Programming and Children's Autonomy.
Olsen, Judith E.
Six classes with 20 students per class participated in a study to determine the effects of television programing's stereotyped images on children's autonomy (independence of thought and action). Classes of first and second grade students and two classes of fifth grade students were the experimental groups, while the third and sixth grade classes served as control groups. A pretest, the Games and Activities Checklist, was used to control the number of subjects both high and low in sex-role stereotyping. The experimental subjects observed videotapes of either traditional or nontraditional female television characters. The Children's Dependency Scale was used as the posttest. The results supported three of six hypotheses that were proposed: boys got significantly higher scores on the autonomy scale than girls; fifth grade students scored higher for autonomy than first and second grade children; and fifth grade students who observed nontraditional female roles scored higher than children in other age or treatment groups. The hypotheses that were not supported were that higher scores would occur for children in the nontraditional setting, for boys observing the nontraditional roles, and for fifth grade boys. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (65th, San Antonio, TX, November 10-13, 1979)