ERIC Number: ED179984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Some Educational Implications from Research on Story Grammar and Story Comprehension.
Freedman, Jonathan M.; Owings, Richard A.
Folk tales were read to 32 kindergarten children of varying levels of language ability, as measured by the language scale of the Metropolitan Readiness Test. Recall protocols were parsed into the categories described by N. L. Stein and C. G. Glenn. Low ability children were found to be less likely to recall details of "internal plan" and "attempts" (goal oriented action), but were as likely as children of higher ability to recall other types of details. Children were then asked cause-effect questions ("What happened when the lady cut off the tiger's whiskers?") and effect-cause questions ("Why did the butter melt?"). Causal associations were not bidirectional; children were more likely to recall effects given causes then causes given effects. This difference did not vary with language ability. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN.