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ERIC Number: ED179860
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of the Effects of Assertive Skill Training and Desensitization in Increasing Assertion and Reducing Anxiety in Groups of Women.
DeLange, Janice
The relative efficacy of systematic desensitization and assertive skill training in increasing assertive responses, reducing anxiety related to being assertive, and increasing response satisfaction, was compared to two control conditions--a placebo-control (discussion) and an assessment-control. Also investigated was the effect of the subjects' general level of anxiety on treatment method. Women (N=120), ranging in age from 19 to 56 years, were divided into high and low levels of general anxiety, and randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions. Pre- and post-treatment testing included self-report measures of assertiveness and state anxiety, a Behavior Role-Play Test (BRT) consisting of 11 audiotaped situations to which women responded, and ratings of anxiety level for each situation and the amount of satisfaction with responses given. Results indicated that women in assertive skill training improved their performance on the BRT significantly more than on any other treatment condition; within the assertive skill training group itself, greater generalization of treatment effects to novel situations occurred for low anxiety women than for high anxiety women. On the self-report measure of predicted discomfort women in both desensitization and assertive skill training showed a significant decrease. For actual anxiety felt while performing on the BRT, all three treatment conditions were effective in reducing anxiety on situations used in treatment, but women in assertive skill training also significantly reduced anxiety in new situations not used in treatment. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Midwestern Association of Behavior Analysis (4th, Chicago, Illinois, May 13-16, 1978)