ERIC Number: ED179830
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Moral Development: How Adults Reason With Children.
Olejnik, Anthony B.
The interrelationships among young adults' levels of moral reasoning, their preferred discipline style, and how they reason with children on moral issues was investigated. After initial screening, 25 males and 25 females completed a test on defining issues of moral judgement. Then 20 subjects were classified at the high principled level, and 30 at the low principled level. Then all subjects were shown filmstrips with moral dilemmas involving children. Individuals at the principled level of moral reasoning were found to prefer using induction and perceived their mothers as having used more induction than power assertion. Conventional level subjects preferred using power assertion and perceived their mothers as having used more power assertion than induction. Subjects used moral reasoning at levels below their own level of reasoning when explaining to children the importance of keeping promises, telling the truth, and obeying adults. Principled adults used conventional level reasoning, while conventional and preconventional level adults used preconventional level moral reasoning. These data were supportive of previous research and theory on moral internalization processes and were discussed in relation to previous studies on parental discipline styles, family patterns of moral reasoning and children's moral development. (Author/BMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (51st, Chicago, Illinois, May 3-5, 1979); Best copy available