ERIC Number: ED179700
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Review of the Change Literature with Implications for ISSOE Dissemination. Second Printing.
Beuke, Vernon; Farrar, Steven
The state of the art in the implementation of education innovation is assessed in three parts: (1) the identification of promising theories, important issues, and proven implementation strategies with emphasis on practical implications; (2) a review of research directly related to the development and implementation of new occupational education programs; and (3) a distillation of the literature in the form of generalizations about innovations and innovative organizations. Four models of change which have guided innovation (the Research, Development, and Diffusion; Problem-Solver; Social Interaction; and Linkage models) are proposed. The process of adoption is represented by stages of adoption behavior and by adoption and diffusion curves. The Power, Re-Educative, Manipulative, and Marketing Technology Strategies for implementation are also identifed and reviewed. A review of major studies of innovation in vocational education concludes that the ability to be innovative includes a perceived need to change, acquisition of a well-packaged program which responds to that need, and some level of commitment and administrative ability. Five organizational variables are identified as factors which influence the implementation of innovation: financial resources, human resources, the planning process, communication channels and patterns, and training. Aspects of the innovation itself which are identified as affecting its successful implementation are adaptability and utility. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Occupational and Continuing Education.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.