ERIC Number: ED179695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Education and Public Sector Employment. Final Report.
Carnoy, Martin; And Others
A study examined the patterns of employment in the public sector as compared to the private, possible changes in that pattern in the last decade, and implications for educational policy. By using the human capital concept (employment patterns depend on productivity differences in individuals) and labor market segmentation analysis, the following items were researched: (1) differences in average education of public and private sector employees of different race and sex in three job levels; (2) differential wage and employment discrimination in both sectors and within the public sector; (3) salary and mobility equalization effect of educational differences between blacks and whites and women and men in the two sectors at different job levels. It was found that public employees have higher average schooling. Salary differences still exist between blacks and women and white males, all personal characteristics being equal (experience, education, etc.). Educational equalization will not have much effect on earnings equalization in similar jobs for blacks and women. It was concluded that possibilities of upward mobility for more educated blacks and women depend on continued expansion of public employment and educational services. Additionally, public employment expansion implies an increase in demand for high level education by all groups, especially blacks and women. (FP)
Descriptors: Black Employment, Blacks, Business, Community Organizations, Comparative Analysis, Data Analysis, Educational Background, Employed Women, Employees, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Employment Statistics, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Government Employees, Labor Market, Males, Private Agencies, Public Agencies, Public Policy, Racial Differences, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Economic Studies, Stanford, CA.