ERIC Number: ED179662
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Oct-26
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Discrimination as a Primary Impetus for International Actions Overriding the Sovereignty of States.
Howell, John M.
The nation-state system, legitimized in 1648 by the Peace of Westphalia, is still sufficiently viable for a sovereign state's claim to its right to manage its internal affairs to be internationally respected. Among matters included in the categories immune from external intervention is that of a state's treatment of its own nationals. Since the framing of the United Nations Charter, however, world attention has focused on the mistreatment of ethnic groups. In the cases of both South Africa and Rhodesia, the international community has registered the decision that mistreatment of ethnic minorities, more than any other category of state action, results in the denial of the protection of state sovereignty. While action against the racial policies of South Africa has mostly consisted of public discussion and investigation, in the case of Rhodesia, economic boycott has been invoked in efforts to abolish what is widely regarded as an illegal, racist regime. In addition to bringing about concrete political changes, particularly in Rhodesia's government, United Nations actions have demonstrated that the old Westphalian concept of virtually absolute state sovereignty no longer holds. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Rhodesia; South Africa