ERIC Number: ED179613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Employment Testing and the Goal of Equal Opportunity: The American Experience.
Pearn, M. A.
Testing in the United States has had a checkered history since tests were developed and used at the beginning of this century. In the earlier part of the century, test results were used to justify the exclusion of immigrants from parts of Europe. More recently, they have come under attack as restricting the access of blacks to jobs and education. Following the Civil Rights Act of 1964, there was an increase in litigation about testing, and as an alternative to employment tests, many employers instituted special programs and practices to insure minority hiring and advancement. The past few years have seen a greater flexibility on the part of the courts and an increase in the use of employment tests, with greater attention paid to the question of test validity. Testing is now on a firmer footing and should not be judged by the inadequacies of the past. With due regard to the reduction of bias in their use, validity used job related tests can contribute to the removal of arbitrary barriers to the employment of minority workers. (Author/RLV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Runnymede Trust, London (England).