ERIC Number: ED179581
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Closer Look at Standardized Tests. Research Series No. 53.
Freeman, Donald; And Others
To help teachers in comparing the content of their instruction with the content of standardized tests, a taxonomy of elementary school mathematics was developed. The taxonomy consisted of matrix with three dimensions; (1) mode of presentation (how questions are asked); (2) nature of material (type of numbers or mathematical terms); and (3) operation (process required). The intersection of these three dimensions resulted in a matrix of 468 cells, each cell representing a topic that a teacher may elect to cover. The taxonomy was applied to the four most popular standardized tests of mathematics: the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT); the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS); the Metropolitan Achievement Tests (MAT); and the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS). Because of the striking differences found between the four tests, teachers should deliberately select tests which best match the existing curriculum and/or reappraise the curriculum in terms of its match with test content. This match is crucial for diagnosing achievement gains and instructional strengths and weaknesses. (Author/CP)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Classification, Content Analysis, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Quantitative Tests, Research Reports, Standardized Tests, Test Selection, Test Validity
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 ($1.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reference Materials - Vocabularies/Classifications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Teaching and Learning Div.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills; Iowa Tests of Basic Skills; Metropolitan Achievement Tests; Stanford Achievement Tests