ERIC Number: ED179449
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1964-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Education and the Social Sciences.
The document contains three essays, written in the 1940s, about the role of the social studies in general education. The first considers the significance of social science research. An understanding of what is involved when a social problem is studied scientifically is a major element in modern general education. Also, every student should know that there is a social science as distinct from common-sense knowledge about society and social reform. Direct participation of students and teachers in social science research is suggested. The second essay discusses the significance of the concept of an integrated culture to education. An integrated culture is one in which all parts (customs, institutions) contribute to the functioning of the whole. One contribution is that the student can understand that human beings are reared in societies with ways of life characteristic of that society. The significance of the concept to teachers is that teaching itself is an element in an integrated society. Also, in a modern, non-integrated society, the teacher is the perpetrator of old integration and a builder of the power to meet disintegration. The third essay briefly discusses two elements of general education provided by the social studies and concentrates on a third. The first two are historical knowledge of the development of our values and analytical understanding of facts and assumption relevant to reasoned convictions. The third is the analysis of social concepts. This element may be realized through the study of a specific culture. The essay concludes with suggestions for implementing such a study. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A