ERIC Number: ED179309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Maternal Attitudes and Child Development in High Risk Families.
Newman, Lawrence S.; Ramey, Craig T.
The purpose of this study is to understand how parental attitudes affect the development of children at risk for psychosocial retardation. The investigation employs measures of maternal attitudes toward self, toward parenting, toward the child, a measure of the quality of the home environment, and measures of children's self-concept, school achievement, and intelligence. The sample was composed of 28 high-risk and 31 low-risk kindergarten and first-grade children and their mothers. The high-risk group included only black children and the low-risk group was predominately white. A preliminary issue was the comparison of high-risk and low-risk children and their mothers on each of the measures employed. Of further interest were the relationships between maternal attitudes and child self-concept. No significant differences between the self-concept of low-risk and of high-risk children were found. There were significant differences between the self-esteem scores and perceptions of low- and high-risk mothers, however. The high-risk mother perceives her child to be more impulsive and less sociable than does the low-risk mother. This finding is consistent with previous comparisons of disadvantaged and middle-class parental self-perception. Figures showing how maternal attitudes relate to children's self-concept, intelligence, and school achievement are presented, first for combined groups and then for the high-risk group only. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.