ERIC Number: ED179300
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Deficiency of Maternal Approval in the Abusive Family Environment.
Herrenkohl, Roy C.; Herrenkohl, Ellen C.
This study examines the hypothesis that the lack of parental approval of the child characterizes child-abusing families. As part of a larger study of the coping styles of such families, a variety of verbal and non-verbal behaviors in parent-child interactions was examined. Subjects were 80 mother-child pairs from among four groups of comparable SES: (1) families served by a child welfare agency, formally charged with child abuse; (2) families served by a child welfare agency but not charged with abuse; (3) families served by Head Start but not by a child welfare agency; and (4) families served by a day care program but not by a child welfare agency. The interactions involved four types of activities: puzzles, play-doh, felt board, and story-reading. In addition to the interaction observations, several other assessment procedures were used in the study. Mothers were interviewed, and children were administered the McCarthy Scale of Mental Abilities and observed in their preschool classrooms. Results of multiple regression analyses, with income and age of child controlled (average age 52 months), showed that abuse group mothers manifested less approval behavior than control group mothers. Examination of zero-order correlations indicated that lower amounts of approval behavior were related to the mother's child-care responsibilities, observed parental detachment, number of mother-child separations, and the child's cognitive ability. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Welfare, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Factor Analysis, Family Environment, Interaction Process Analysis, Mothers, Nonverbal Communication, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence, Preschool Children, Speech Communication, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHEW/OHD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)