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ERIC Number: ED179134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Educational Applications of a Theory of Clinical Expertise.
Greenfield, Stephen; And Others
Two computer-based instructional projects and a workbook model designed to emphasize three different applications of expertise in medical problem-solving are described. The "CVTEST" Project (cardiovascular) explored the use of a computer program to provide guidance to students and facilitate self-assessment. The program does not directly teach, but provides support to students in the form of goals, content analyses, questions, and feedback discussions. The "Diagnostic Workbook" Project presents examples of expert problem-solving as illustrations of the process involved in the formation of a cognitive image of a case. Accompanying each case are the protocol generated during the simulation exercises by either an expert or novice subject, a critical annotation of the protocol, generated by the expert consultant, and exercises (along with correct answers). The decision support model was designed to provide decision support by giving information tailored to clinical tasks. Among principles listed for the formation of the system are that it would supplement meta-knowledge and that it extend domain knowledge. A sample of the "CVTEST" Project questions and workbook exercises and feedback are appended. (PHR)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, 1979); some appendices will not reproduce well