ERIC Number: ED178991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Frame Analysis of New Yorker Cartoons.
Ragan, Sandra L.
Frame analysis of 85 cartoons from "The New Yorker" magazine was used to discover the significant keys, or metacommunicative characterizers, of cartoon humor. It was hypothesized that these keys/characterizers function to cue the readers so that they frame the message of the cartoon in a way that permits a humorous interpretation of the cartoon's content. Four major characterizers are described and analyzed: the cartoon form, its convention of graphic, pictorial representation; caricature, or the obvious exaggeration in the depiction of cartoon characters' gestures and expressions; social breaching, where a situation depicts the violation of normal social expectations, assumptions, and rules; and rekeying, which is the literal or concrete transformation of a metaphoric or abstract concept. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (65th, San Antonio, TX, November 10-13, 1979)