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ERIC Number: ED178858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Second Thoughts on the Capitalism-Enlightenment Connection: Are Americans Over Educated or Are Our Jobs Dumb?
Bowles, Samuel
This paper asserts that the reason so many high school graduates are functionally illiterate may be that the form of economic organization in the United States does not sufficiently value or make use of intelligence. The paper reviews studies that report both the decline in general knowledge of high school graduates and the promotion of programs to link educational content more closely to the content of existing jobs. A discussion of the effects of capitalism on cognitive development and work performance includes trivialization of skill within the workshop, breaking down the mental requirements of work, ignoring higher levels of cognitive skills, and penalizing traits such as creativity, aggressiveness, and independence. Implications of these four observations are summarized, and tables of data are appended. (AEA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the White House Conference on Library Information Services (Reston, VA, April 1-4, 1979)