ERIC Number: ED178769
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
The Causes of the Worsening Employment Situation of Black Youth.
A study was conducted to examine why black youth unemployment has increased and participation rates decreased. The study was conducted in three parts. The first employs 1960 and 1970 census data to examine the impact of local labor market structure and changes in the structure upon the employment growth of black and white youth. The second part uses data on individuals from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Men to examine the determinants of spells of unemployment and the duration of those spells. The final part of the study employs a variety of sources to determine whether there is any evidence that racial differences in aspirations or behavior can explain the employment differential. Among the findings of the study was that black employment is more sensitive than that of whites to the industrial composition of the labor market and to competition from adult women. The analysis of individuals found that racial differences in background characteristics can account for only half of the differential in unemployment experience. No evidence is found of important racial differences in aspirations or behavior. (LRA)
Descriptors: Black Youth, Economic Factors, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Racial Characteristics, Racial Differences, Racial Discrimination, Unemployment, Youth Employment
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Evaluation and Research (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA. Dept. of Economics.