ERIC Number: ED178738
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Participatory Research: Research with Historic Consciousness. Working Paper 3.
Cain, Bonnie C.
Certain philosophical understandings and resulting behaviors will produce an environment conducive to participation or conducive to accepting the definitions of reality of the people involved in the research process. This is an important element of participatory research, a process towards gathering new knowledge with the people capable of defining that knowledge. This method combines research and participation, an involvement of the subjects which is influenced by researcher attitudes and characteristics as well as research methodology. The value system of the researcher influences the possibility of participation. A researcher who would aspire to listen to a subject to mutually develop knowledge must value intuition and sympathetic understanding. Several personal characteristics and interactional patterns of the researcher also influence the quality of participation: (1) reciprocity, (2) vulnerability, (3) understanding of what the participants define as reality, (4) constant refinement of one's perceptions and assumptions, (5) awareness of one's own observational limitations, and (6) attrition of ethnocentrism. Research methods which influence and amplify the nature of participation include sufficient time to deal with the problem, a mode for reflection, and the permanent sequence of analysis, statement, action, reflection analysis. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Hazen Foundation, New Haven, CT.; Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Center for International Education.
Authoring Institution: International Council for Adult Education, Toronto (Ontario).