ERIC Number: ED178714
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Adult-Literacy Education in Jamaica.
Miller, Harry; And Others
Some 42% of Jamaica's adult population was not functionally literate in 1962--figures that precipitated expansion in adult literacy and Basic Education programs as described in this survey report. Following a seven-page introductory historical profile, the authors note attempts made to assess adult illiteracy, such as the 1975 survey that found 57% of farmers and agricultrual workers illiterate or the study revealing critical dimensions of a surplus labor but skill-short market. The Jamaica Movement for the Advancement of Literacy (JAMAL), formed in 1974, is seen as the most successful attempt to date to combat illiteracy, whereas previous efforts, with help from UNESCO, had generated enthusiasm and laid the foundations. The report points out JAMAL's main objectives: the flexibility of management government institutions rarely furnish; and the establishment of a continuing education program to follow the first phase of illiteracy eradication. A description of JAMAL follows, covering administration (a basic core of professional administrators, trainers and motivators working closely with special and technical services departments, and printing and communications), finance (government grant, private, and international help), recruitment centers, programs, and classes. JAMAL gives priority to the 15-35 age group which comprises two-thirds of its students, and, the report indicates, offers part-time classes in a wide variety of settings including community colleges, factories, training centers, and rural settings. The report gives an overview of continuing education programs (many have considerable community input) while also noting JAMAL's limitation, namely literacy as the overriding frame of reference. (CP)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Agency Cooperation, Business, Community Colleges, Coordination, Developing Nations, Educational Programs, Government (Administrative Body), Government Role, Industry, Literacy Education, National Programs, Nonformal Education, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Rural Population
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Jamaica