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ERIC Number: ED178546
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
The Validation of a Nonintellectual Assessment Procedure for the Early Screening of Gifted and EMR Pupils.
Hartsough, Carolyn S.; And Others
The validity of a screening process for the early identification of gifted and educable mentally retarded children was examined. The process was originally developed by Lambert and Bower, for the identification of learning handicaps. Twenty-five kindergarten and first grade classrooms were studied. The information collected included the teacher, peer, and self ratings in the screening process, a measure of aptitude, and student characteristics--sex, socioeconomic status, ethnic group, and bilingual status. Objectives were to: study the feasibility of using the assessment materials for initial screening of gifted and of educable mentally retarded pupils; extend teachers' understanding of the emotional and academic needs of their students; and compare the effectiveness of the assessment process with existing information which might be used for screening purposes. Results indicated that: (1) the screening materials tended to "overpredict" or include too many children as candidates for program placement when compared to IQ scores; (2) teachers tended to "underpredict" or exclude too many children as candidates for program placement when compared to IQ scores; and (3) the screening materials appeared to be less vulnerable to socioeconomic status and ethnic or bilingual background than IQ scores. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Academically Handicapped, Behavior Rating Scales, Culture Fair Tests, Informal Assessment, Intelligence Quotient, Mild Mental Retardation, Peer Evaluation, Primary Education, Research Reports, Screening Tests, Self Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Test Bias, Test Validity
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.