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ERIC Number: ED178458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
The Prosocial Theorists' Approach to Moral/Citizenship Education.
Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
The document contains a paper on the prosocial theorists' approach to moral/citizenship education and three critiques of the paper. Prosocial theorists focus on specific kinds of behavior which can be associated with moral theory: altruism, guilt, helping, cooperation, resistance to temptation, impulse control, and empathy. The work has been carried out principally in laboratories. The paper considers theoretical issues, methodological limitations, and the desirability of certain methodological approaches. The author summarizes past research and suggests further questions and directions. Particular areas for research include the parent-child relationship and techniques such as conditioning, modeling, reasoning, induction, and indirect instruction. Research on peer influence and peers as socializers is also suggested. The first critique raises questions concerning the emphasis on the training of moral judgments rather than behavior, the lack of knowledge concerning real world reinforcement, and the lack of data on restraints on children's helping. The second critique views the paper as providing both a practical and theoretical basis for instructional programs on moral education. The final critique comments on the paper with reference to the person variables which determine prosocial conduct, the consistency of prosocial behavior across situations, and the factors which affect the development of prosocial tendencies. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Theories, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethical Instruction, Moral Development, Moral Values, Research Methodology, Research Needs, Speeches
Research for Better Schools, Inc., 444 North Third Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123 ($8.50)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: For related documents, see SO 012 131-134; Paper presented at Moral/Citizenship Education Conference (Philadelphia, PA June 4-6, 1976)