ERIC Number: ED178448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Citizenship Education to Values Education. Occasional Paper No. 2.
The paper, presented in four sections, draws a distinction between citizenship education and values education. Section I defines the six major goals of citizenship education: the development of participatory skills and of intellectual skills; growth in knowledge of facts, concepts, and generalizations; personal development; development of dramatic values; and citizenship action both in and outside of school. Section II describes four programs of values education which relate to citizenship goals: values analysis, values clarification, cognitive moral development, and the organization of alternative educational programs. Section III discusses the values programs in relation to the citizenship goals. The author concludes that while each of the programs contribute to some of the goals, the most effective programs of citizenship action are not part of the four major programs discussed. The final section outlines the elements of a comprehensive citizenship education program: it should extend over many years of schooling and well beyond the social studies courses; it must change the hidden curriculum as well as the overt curriculum; it must include an intensive, long-term teacher preparation program; new curricular materials, particularly in social studies and English must be acquired; and the comprehensive program must be carefully evaluated. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Citizenship, Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Democratic Values, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Interpersonal Competence, Moral Development, Nontraditional Education, Skill Development, Values
Research for Better Schools, Inc., 444 North Third Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.