ERIC Number: ED178438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Women--In Search of Equality. Focus 6.
Westoff, Leslie Aldridge, Ed.
This pamphlet identifies fallacies of sex stereotyping and discrimination against females, and reviews recent research on sex-role development conducted by Educational Testing Service (ETS) in New Jersey. Throughout history women have been regarded as physically and intellectually inferior to men. Beginning in the 1960s national efforts have been made to demand equal opportunity for women in education, at work, and in the professions. Among these are supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment and members of the National Coalition of Organizations for Women and Girls in Education. Research at ETS shows that stereotyped sex-role development begins at birth. Infants are treated differently by parents according to their sex, and common toys for boys and girls suggest sex-role differences. In school these differences are reinforced when boys are assigned most leadership roles and classes are separated on the basis of sex for certain activities. The myth that women do not have an aptitude for math has been disproved when certain teaching and counseling techniques are used to promote students' positive attitudes about their capabilities. ETS is developing several new projects to help women identify their skills, especially those acquired through homemaking, and translate them into marketable job skills. (AV)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Fear of Success, Females, Higher Education, Job Skills, Nondiscriminatory Education, Self Concept, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Social Development, Social Science Research
Information Division Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ 08541 (free, while supply lasts)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.