ERIC Number: ED178392
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1965-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Myth and Art as Teaching Materials. Occasional Paper No. 5.
Written in 1965, the report provides the rationale for including the study of the mythology and art of cultures alien to Western civilization in the social studies curriculum: Man: A Course of Study. The context of the course, a basic theory of myth, principles of art, and examples of Bushmen and Eskimo myths are presented. The author suggests two reasons for the study of the Eskimo, Pygmy, Bushmen, and a group of Australian Aborigines: the societies are relatively simple and their structure is easier to understand than the complex Western societies; and the study of hunting societies offers a student contrast with his own culture. Included in the section on mythology is a definition, a discussion of myth as communication and as document, and of structural analysis, lyrics, ceremonials, folklore of hunters, riddles and proverbs, rites of passage, and the functions and interconnectedness of symbols. In the section on art, the author outlines differences between myth and art, the ecology of art, art and cognition, art in instruction, and the functions of art. Tales included in the final section are the Bushmen origin of marriage, of the sun, and of death, and the Eskimo tale, Earth Gives Men Their First Children and a poem, My Breath. The author concludes that the aim of the unit is to provide an understanding and respect of other cultures. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Services, Inc., Cambridge, MA.