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ERIC Number: ED178373
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Dec-28
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Hitchhiking to Visibility: Women's Rights Enactments in the 1960s.
Morain, Thomas
Demands made by the feminist movement in the 1960s are examined, with particular emphasis on influences of the black civil rights movement on these demands. It is suggested that the black civil rights movement encouraged women to demand an end to institutional discrimination in matters of sex as well as race, push for sex discrimination amendments to legislation dealing with racial discrimination, and escalate demands for further government guarantees and action. Crucial to the progress of the women's rights movement was the inclusion of clauses relating to sex discrimination in the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Because the sex discrimination clause was included in the bill, the federal government was committed to eliminate sex discrimination in employment. Problems arose, however, when women's advocates realized that passage of legislation and enforcement were two separate processes. Organizations such as the National Organization for Women (NOW) gained strength in reaction to the government's refusal to pursue sex discrimination with the same vigor as it pursued racial discrimination. Review of events in the women's movement of the 1960s suggests two considerations--that passage of some of the most significant victories for women preceded mass public support for them and that prohibiting sex discrimination in the same terms as discrimination by race encouraged public perception of the two issues as similar. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at American Historical Association (San Francisco, California, December 28, 1978)