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ERIC Number: ED178261
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 70
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Outdoor Adventure Activities Upon Self-Concept.
Ewert, Alan
The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was used to study the effect of outdoor adventure activities on the self concept of university students. Related studies have found significant changes in self concept following survival training and Outward Bound experiences. The study population consisted of 99 students enrolled in 1 of 4 classes at Eastern Washington University. Three classes included an adventure activity, e.g., overnight survival camps, rappelling, back country hiking, as part of the course curriculum; the fourth class, the control group, was a traditional lecture course. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was administered to all four classes in the first week of the Spring Quarter 1977 and again nine weeks later, in the last week of the quarter. Two measures were obtained from the scale: one reflecting overall level of self esteem and one reflecting capacity for self criticism. The separate variance t test was used to measure statistically significant differences in class means for pre and post test scores. The comparison of means suggested a positive change in self concept for the classes featuring outdoor adventure activities, but levels of change did not reach statistical significance for self esteem or self criticism scores. Additional research is needed using a larger population and other measures of self concept such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. (JH)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Tennessee Self Concept Scale