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ERIC Number: ED178259
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Hired Farm Working Force of 1977.
The report presents data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the approximately 2.7 million persons 14 years old and over who did hired farmwork during 1977. Data, taken from a probability sample survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census as a supplementary part of the December 1977 Current Population Survey, include each State and the District of Columbia, but not Puerto Rico or other U.S. territories. Tabular data present a general overview of the social, economic, regional location, and employment characteristics of hired farmworkers by sex, racial/ethnic group, and duration of farmwork; earnings data by demographic, employment, and regional characteristics; information on daily and annual earnings from total, farm, and nonfarm employment sources; and selected data on migrant farmworkers by the distances they traveled to do farmwork. Pertinent trends over the past decade indicate that the size of the hired farm work force has not changed significantly; the number of Blacks has declined about 46%; the average age of farmworkers declined; and farm employment has increased by 27% in the North Central Region, while decreasing 22% and 13% in the South and West, respectively. The 1977 data indicate that annual earnings of all farmworkers averaged $3,265; 72% of the workers were white, 11% were Hispanics, and 17% were Blacks and others; 56% were under 25 years of age; 77% were male; and 7% were migrants earning an average of $2,263 for an average 97 days of farmwork. (NEC)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Agricultural Laborers, Blacks, Census Figures, Education, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Ethnic Groups, Farm Labor, Geographic Distribution, Labor Force, Mexican Americans, Migrant Workers, Place of Residence, Seasonal Laborers, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Background, Spanish Speaking, Statistical Data, Wages, Whites, Worker Days
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Note: For a related document, see ED 157 677; Not available in paper copy due to small print size of original document