ERIC Number: ED178200
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Health Status of Children: A Review of Surveys, 1963-1972.
Chabot, Marion Johnson; And Others
This overview of health and illness among children and youth in the United States is based on national studies conducted between 1963 and 1972. Major sources of data were four on-going surveys of health conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW): (1) the health interview survey relies on household interviews for information on acute and chronic illnesses, injuries, disabilities, costs and utilization of health services; (2) the health examination survey gathers health information, medical histories, and demographic and socioeconomic data for sample populations by direct examinations; (3) the health and nutrition examination surveys collect measures of nutritional status by interviews, clinical examinations and biochemical evaluations; (4) the hospital discharge survey consists of a continuous nationwide review of records from a sample of short-stay general and special hospitals to provide information on in-patient hospital utilization. Also reported are findings from three other studies: a ten-state nutrition survey; a study of nutritional status of preschool children in the United States, 1968-1970; and a study of adolescent health in Harlem. Among the results: (1) children and youth had an average of three acute illnesses a year; (2) obtaining dental care continued to be a problem for many children; (3) children from upper income families were hospitalized more often than children from low income families but their stays were shorter; (4) white children made more physician visits than black children, urban children made more than rural children, and children from high income families made more visits than low income families; and (5) substantial numbers of children and youth were poorly nourished. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Demography, Diseases, Health, Health Services, Injuries, Low Income Groups, Medical Services, National Surveys, Nutrition, Preschool Children, Socioeconomic Background, Special Health Problems, State of the Art Reviews, State Surveys, Youth
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 017-022-00634-1, $4.50)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Services Administration (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Community Health Services.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. School of Public Health.