ERIC Number: ED178188
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Waldorf Schools: A Child-Centered System.
Ogletree, Earl J.
This paper presents an overview of the philosophy, psychology of learning, teaching methods, and curriculum of the Waldorf Schools. Most Waldorf teachers are influenced by the esoteric form of critical idealism propounded by Rudolf Steiner. The child is considered by Steiner to be a spiritual being who has reincarnated on to earth in a physical body. The teacher's responsibility is to liberate the spirit of the child for later service to humanity. The physical, etheric (energy), astral (soul) and ego aspects of a human being determine the subjects taught in the curriculum, their sequence and methods of presentation. Waldorf teachers use a kinesthetic, action-loaded approach which involves the child first in impulse expression, then emotion, and then in knowledge and skill development. Other features of the Waldorf approach are (1) continuous teachers: the class teacher stays with the class through the elementary grades, (2) main lessons: two hours each day are given to one subject at the beginning of each day for three weeks or longer, (3) no text books, (4) languages: children from the first grade on learn two foreign languages by the oral method, and (5) comprehensive and sequenced curriculum: subjects are arranged to follow Steiner's idea of the evolution of the development of man's consciousness. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A