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ERIC Number: ED178034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Social Networks as a Political Resource: Some Insights Drawn from the Community Organizational and Community Action Experiences.
The development and functioning of urban social networks in highly politicized environments--particularly, the neighborhood based community organization, political coalition building of urban mayors, and community action programs--suggest implications for building locally based educational reform capacity through network development. Community organizations are useful political resources that over time tend to assume and adopt a distinct mode of operation involving either community development, social planning, or social action. The adoption of one specific mode of operation is related to group ethos and relationships with the external community, as well as the role of group leadership and staff. Research involving leadership and staff suggest that full-time outside professionals, incentives, tactics, and friendship networks, along with the organizational attachments of and rewards for members, affect network development. Kotter and Lawrence's study of mayoral coalition building identifies strategies and tactics useful in developing and maintaining networks. Federally funded community action programs have been the most successful in linking social and political reform through network and institution building, although such achievements have been largely unrecognized. Sustained and sincere federal commitment was and still remains crucial. Insights and tactical issues from these social groupings can be applied to the establishment of education-related networks. (CWM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. School Capacity for Problem Solving Group. Network Development Div.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for the Network Development Staff, School Capacity for Problem Solving Group, National Institute of Education [Washington, D.C., March 16-17, 1977]; For related documents, see IR 007 656, IR 007 659, IR 007 662, IR 007 671, IR 007 689 and IR 007 691; Best copy available