ERIC Number: ED177863
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
The Development of Strategies for the Assignment of Semantic Information to Unknown Lexemes in Text. Lenguas para Objetivos Especificas (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.
Alderson, Charles; Alvarez, Guadalupe
An English for Special Purposes (ESP) course being developed aims to give the students a series of techniques to help them handle vocabulary in a text, and teach them strategies for identifying meaning in context. Traditional strategies, such as the study of morphology, use of grammatical information, and exercises in dictionary usage, are helpful, but they do not teach the student to be satisfied with a vague notion of meaning. Another strategy, using context clues, has long been advocated, but techniques for doing this have not been worked out. It students are to use context, they need to know the principles of semantic restraint, as operated by context. It seems possible to use insights into meaning from structural semantics in order to elucidate some of these principles. In addition to these insights, the use of nonsense words has been incorporated into vocabulary exercises because the only meaning a nonsense word can have comes from context. Examples are provided of exercises using the following relations: (1) hyponymy, the relation between terms, one of which is included in the other; (2) opposites, including the relations of incompatibility, antonymy, complementarity and converse; (3) synonymy; and (4) other sorts of meaning relations such as rhetorical structure, definitions, and notional and pragmatic relations. (AMH)
Descriptors: Context Clues, English for Special Purposes, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Language Instruction, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, Reading Development, Reading Instruction, Reading Skills, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills, Word Recognition
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Autonomous Metropolitan Univ., Mexico City (Mexico).