ERIC Number: ED177779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Longitudinal Impact of Preschool Programs on Trainable Mentally Retarded Children.
Moore, Melvin G.; And Others
The effects of a preschool experience on the performance levels of 151 trainable mentally retarded (TMR) 9-11 year old children, teacher attitudes, and parent attitudes were examined. Three years of longitudinal performance data were investigated with a repeated measures ANOVA design, and 42 instructional variables and their relationships to child performance were examined through multiple regression techniques. Among results were that the preschool experience had a significant impact on Ss' performance levels, particularly in academic and motor skill areas; the more years of preschool Ss had, the greater the difference between their scores and those of children without a preschool experience; teachers did not rate the performance levels of post preschoolers differently than Ss with no preschool experience; and parents of the TMR Ss who had attended a preschool believed their children to have developed more self help skills, to be less of a physical drain on the parents, and to provoke less anger in parents than did similarly handicapped children who had not attended a preschool. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: Oregon State System of Higher Education, Monmouth. Teaching Research Div.