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ERIC Number: ED177777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Deceleration Procedures for Inappropriate Social Behaviors with Severely Retarded Ss. Two Papers.
Spangler, Robert S.; And Others
Two papers describe studies to decrease inappropriate social behaviors of severely retarded students. R. Spangler and others in "The Effect of a Time-Out Procedure on the Duration of Tantrum Behavior in a 13-Year-Old Severely Retarded Male S" report on a three phase study in which a combination of verbal instructions and a timeout procedure resulted in significant improvement in tantrum behavior. It is explained that the S's tantrums decreased from an average 37 minutes duration to 19 minutes, along with a decrease in tantrum frequency. "The Reduction of Hostile Behavior in Two 8 Year Old Severely Retarded Ss" by R. Villier and others describes the effect of a punishing contingency (requiring the Ss to sit quietly for 15 minutes behind a partition, combined with 15 minutes in a timeout room if they got up or acted out during the first contingency) and intermittent positive reinforcement on Ss' hitting, pushing, kicking, spitting, and biting behaviors. It is explained that both Ss were brought under control within a week during the treatment phase, that hostile behaviors were reduced to an acceptable level, and maintained at that level for over 1 month. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A