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ERIC Number: ED177748
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Syntactic Maturity and Vocabulary Richness Learning Disabled Children at Four Age Levels.
Four age levels of 80 learning disabled (LD) students (7.5-8.11, 9.0-10.5, 10.6-11.11, and 12.0-13.5 years) participated in an examination of syntactic maturity and vocabulary richness in their oral language. Ss were shown two films without the sound turned on, and were then tape recorded as they told the story of the film in their own words. Transcriptions were analyzed with two measures of syntactic maturity (including the Syntactic Density Score) and two of vocabulary richness (Vocabulary Intensity Index and the corrected type-token ratio). Among findings were that a developmental pattern of syntactic maturity existed as measured by the number of T-units (minimal terminable unit) and the average number of words per T-unit; normal children as measured by length of T-unit experienced periods of rapid growth while LD Ss exhibited gradual progress in their control of syntax throughout the age levels, and there was no observable vocabulary developmental pattern as measured by the Vocabulary Intensity Index and simple type-token ratio. Findings suggested that observation and analysis of oral language should be an integral part of classroom assessment procedures. (CL)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Exceptional Child Research, Language Acquisition, Learning Disabilities, Speech Communication, Syntax, Vocabulary Development
University Microfilms International, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Catalogue No. 7816776; $22.00 hard copy, $11.00 microfiche)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA.
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh ; Sponsored through the Bureau of the Handicapped Student Research Program