ERIC Number: ED177628
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Fantasy in Human Relationships: Japanese vs Western Cultures in Images of the Ideal.
Brown, Charles T.
This paper explores the use of fantasy in human relationships with emphasis on its contrasting uses in American and Japanese culture. Fantasy is defined as a private world of conversation or expectations of the self that may not be sufficiently verbalized for a person to have a very clear understanding of its meaning in his or her experience. Seven ways that people relate the ideal fantasies of relationship to their daily living are given: (1) They may introject an ideal and expect themselves to live by it, as in Japanese life the most real of realities is the way one is perceived by others; (2) In Western culture the central fantasy is the perfect person who is the image of God (God is love); (3) Americans judge all actions of the other person against their ideal; (4) Americans try to establish the ideal relationship by an effort to change the other person into the person of their ideal; (5) A way to deal with the fantasized relationship in American culture is to maintain a relationship only so long as it exists in accordance with our private fantasy; (6) One of the more common uses of American fantasies is to reverse the Japanese view that the cultural ideal is the real and to project feelings as the ideal; and (7) They can grow weary of human interaction and live out much of their time in fantasies, which is the essence of loneliness. (MKM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Report prepared at Western Michign University