ERIC Number: ED177605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Critical Thinking and Instruction: A Review. RBS Publication No. BI-1.
Thomas, John W.; Taylor, Beverly Loy
This paper examines educators' interest in fostering critical thinking behaviors in relation to other "process education" concerns. It presents a definition of critical thinking and then uses that definition to classify and evaluate the literature on critical thinking, logical thinking, and reasoning. The paper examines essays, research studies, tests, and instructional materials on the basis of whether they view critical thinking as an act of inquiry, as an act of evaluation, or as a synthesis of these two processes. Finally, it offers a number of conclusions, among them that critical thinking, as a goal of instruction, should be translated into a set of "context specific" performance skills that facilitate students' performance on real life problems and decision-making tasks. (Author/FL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Enrichment, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Improvement, Student Improvement, Teaching Methods
Research for Better Schools, Inc., 444 North Third St., Philadelphia, PA 19123 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.