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ERIC Number: ED177527
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Representation of Sentences in Memory. Technical Report No. 144.
Goetz, Ernest T.; And Others
Associative theory characterizes the memory's representation of a sentence as a collection of independently linked concepts. In contrast, Gestalt theory says that the representation underlying each proposition expressed in a sentence is an integral unit. A review of research indicates that previous results either have been equivocal or have supported the Gestalt position. Three new studies show that, when scored for gist, the propositions underlying simple three-word sentences are recalled completely or not at all. Another experiment indicates that one-proposition sentences containing four content words are more likely to be recalled as a whole than three-proposition sentences of the same length, and that fragmentary recall of the three-proposition sentences usually preserves the unity of constituent propositions. These results strongly support the Gestalt position over any associative model that has been proposed. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.