ERIC Number: ED177369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Improving Girls' Occupational Potential. A Review of the Literature.
Following an overview of the amount and focus of the literature on occupational development of women, four major theories of vocational development are discussed in depth in part 1: Roe's theory of career choice; Ginzberg and associates' theory of vocational decision making, Super's theory of the development of self-concept, and Holland's theory of vocational choice. Summaries and critiques are given of two theories of occupational development of females: Zytowski's theory of the duality of women's roles and Psathas' theory of occupational choice for women. A review of literature in part 2 focuses on the three major hypotheses of this study, sex differences in (1) self-concept and sense of competence; (2) motivational aspects including related attitudes, aspirations, and expectations; and (3) acquisition of educational means (knowledge, training, skills), which includes discussion on implementation and impact of career and vocational education legislation. Part 3 is a discussion of the most important socialization influences on the occupational development of women including influence of teachers, parents (attitudes, expectations, maternal employment, socioeconomic status), peers, and visual media. Part 4 is an overview by age level of those interventions to enhance aspects of girls' occupational potential. Description of the interventions are given with occasional delineation of effects. A list of references follows. (FP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.