ERIC Number: ED176914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Guidelines for Establishing Equity in Language and Illustrations.
Texas Education Agency, Austin.
The formation of self-concept is seriously affected by both oral and written language; language also affects the ways people think about others. Young children in particular have not yet learned the abstract concept of the generic "he" and when a judge, author, or principal is referred to as "he", the child is subtly conditioned against the idea of a female judge, author, or principal. Literature may also repeatedly portray certain stereotyped sex roles and traits. Minority group members are all too often shown in stereotyped situations. Educational materials seldom reflect the fact that 10-15% of the population is composed of persons who are handicapped. Fair and equal treatment of all persons should be reflected in both the texts and illustrations of educational materials. Occupational titles such as "salesman", "mailman", and "policeman" can be changed to "sales clerk", "mail carrier", and "police officer". Illustrations can show a boy cuddling a kitten, a girl changing a bicycle tire, a woman using power tools, a black mayor presiding over a town meeting, or a teacher in a wheel chair. Book titles such as "Man and His World" can be avoided, as can the use of such expressions as "manmade improvements" and "man hours". This booklet of guidelines explores the nonsexist treatment of women and men, portrayal of minority groups, representation of handicapped persons, and stereotypes in illustrations. It sets forth specific circumstances in which the guidelines can be applied. (DS)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Children, Cultural Images, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Stereotypes, Females, Feminism, Guidelines, Illustrations, Instructional Materials, Justice, Labeling (of Persons), Language Usage, Males, Nondiscriminatory Education, Occupations, Racial Attitudes, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Education Agency, Austin.