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ERIC Number: ED176912
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-22
Reference Count: N/A
Delinquency As A Function of Personal and Social Controls.
Mookherjee, Harsha N.; Hogan, H. Wayne
To determine if the greater the degree of personal or social control the individual experiences, the less likely it is that he or she will behave in a deviant, delinquent manner, 257 male and 229 female high school and introductory-level college students residing in rural Tennessee were group-tested by their instructors during regularly scheduled class periods. Various measures, scales, and tests were used to study eight independent variables. Fathers' occupational and educational attainments, birth order, and peer ties were seen as measures of social control which the individual cannot alter. Self-esteem, anomie, deviance proneness, and perceptions of legally attaining societal values/goals were viewed as a personal source of control over one's intentions and actions. The dependent dimension was a measure for self-reported delinquency admitted to by subjects for the year preceding the survey date. Results indicated that deviance proneness was reported less by females than by males and less by subjects whose fathers had attained higher educational and occupational levels; perceptions of greater achievement opportunities were associated with higher self-esteem scores and with fewer instances of reported delinquency. As hypothesized, personal control factors accounted for most of the variance in reported delinquency, and of the variables contributing least to an explanation of delinquency, four were social control factors. (NEC)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Antisocial Behavior, Behavior, Codes of Ethics, College Students, Delinquency, Females, High School Students, Identification, Individual Power, Males, Parent Background, Peer Influence, Rural Youth, Self Control, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Social Influences, Youth Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville.
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee