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ERIC Number: ED176907
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Water--Problems and Solutions. A Report Concerning the Problems and Solutions of Negative Water Balance.
Ewert, Alan
Outdoor leaders constantly face problems created by water shortage and, to act effectively, must thoroughly understand the body's use of water and the ways to delay dehydration when water shortage occurs. Dehydration begins when there is a negative water balance, or more water lost than ingested, and progresses from the stage of dryness, to the "cotton mouth" stage, and finally to the stage of structural degeneration. The symptoms of dehydration progress from thirst and general uneasiness to sensory impairment and inability to think rationally. Dehydration can be counteracted by increasing water intake and reducing water loss. The body assimilates fresh water most easily, but other water sources are available to the knowledgeable person. For example, urine of a fully hydrated person may be ingested while urine of a dehydrated person should not be ingested, though it can be used to lower skin temperature through evaporation; wash wounds, stings, and bites; or operate a solar still. Reduction of water loss is accomplished by proper ingestion of available water, preventing perspiration, using clothing to protect from heat and evaporation, and avoiding all types of dehydrators, i.e., alcohol, blood, salt, proteins, and fats. (JH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Non-Print Media
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A