ERIC Number: ED176831
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Ethnic Minorities in Two-Year Colleges: Report to the Higher Education Research Institute.
Beckwith, Miriam M.; Edwards, Sandra J.
Research on ethnic minority participation in community college education is reviewed in eight sections. The first delineates the distinguishing features of the modern community college, such as its emphasis on occupational education, its diversity of programs, and the prevalence of non-traditional course-taking patterns. The second section analyzes enrollment data from state and national studies focusing on variations from state to state and revealing that proportionately more minority students are enrolled in two-year colleges than senior institutions. The third section discusses contradictory study results on attrition rates, and argues against the assumption that dropping out represents failure. The fourth section describes special programs for minorities, and the effectiveness of those that encompass both educational and student services. The fifth section argues that current selectivity standards have made occupational, rather than liberal arts, programs more difficult for minorities to enter. The sixth section suggests how special programs can help overcome barriers to minority success created by open admission policies. The seventh section deals with institutional practices that may hinder or encourage minority participation. The final section enumerates issues concerning articulation/transfer of community college students to senior colleges. (JP)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Articulation (Education), Bibliographies, Community Colleges, Dropout Research, Dropouts, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Ethnic Groups, Failure, Minority Groups, National Surveys, Open Enrollment, Persistence, Research Reviews (Publications), Special Programs, Success, Transfer Policy, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.
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