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ERIC Number: ED176650
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Summary Report 1978: Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.
A summary of data gathered from the National Research Council's Survey of Earned Doctorates during the academic year 1977-78 is presented. The data are gathered from questionnaire forms filled out by graduates as they complete requirements for their doctoral degrees. Among findings are that the total number of doctorates awarded was 30,850 (a 2.7 percent decrease from 1977); that the number of men doctorates decreased 5.5 percent while the proportion of women continued to increase reaching an all-time high of 26.9 percent for 1978. Other findings indicated that the proportion of women doctorates who had firm commitments for employment in the physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering increased from 36 percent in 1977 to 46 percent in 1978; and the number of individuals with Hispanic, Asian, Black, and American Indian background earning doctorates increased from 1977 to 1978. Also noted was the fact that the employment plans of doctorates from science and engineering departments rated distinguished showed a marked shift from academic to nonacademic employment from 1971 to 1978. The proportion of doctorate recipients from distinguished departments in humanities who had firm commitments for academic employment decreased during the period 1971-78. There was no compensating increase in the proportion with firm plans for nonacademic employment, and there was also an increase in those with no firm commitment for postgraduate study or employment. (Author/PHR)
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Employment Patterns, Females, Graduate Study, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Males, Minority Groups, Questionnaires, Statistical Data, Surveys, Trend Analysis
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Commission on Human Resources, Washington, DC 20418
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.; National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Clinical Center.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.
Note: Contains some small print