ERIC Number: ED176618
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Recent Trends in Research on Academic Women: A Bibliographic Review and Analysis.
Moore, Kathryn M.; Wollitzer, Peter A.
The role of women as higher education faculty and administrators is investigated in this portion of a review of the literature on academic women since 1970. The various types and orientations of the studies reviewed are discussed and analyzed. The topic of sex discrimination was found to dominate a majority of the research on faculty women. Two types of discrimination studies are discussed: descriptive and explanatory. The descriptive research tended to produce similar conclusions: faculty women's mobility, promotion rates, salaries, access to research and opportunity networks, are all subject to discrimination in relation to men. The explanatory studies examine such questions as why there is discrimination and how it works. Productivity and success elements are also examined in these studies that focus on the significance of the differences between males and females. The theme of discrimination was found to be central to the research on women administrators. In general the research shows that administrative employment patterns vary substantially by race and sex, and that salary differentials are most consistently related to sex. Examples from specific works are cited in the analysis of research on both women faculty and administrators. It is concluded that this literature review provides an assessment of the efforts to equalize the opportunities and advantages available to women. Recommendations for further study are included as well as an extensive bibliography. (SF)
Descriptors: Administrators, Bibliographies, Career Ladders, College Faculty, Conference Reports, Educational Research, Employment Opportunities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Social Problems, Women Faculty, Womens Studies
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 12, 1979)