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ERIC Number: ED176511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar-3
Reference Count: 0
The Definition and Prevalence of Learning Disabilities.
Campbell, Paul B.
The study involving 12 to 15 year old boys was designed to provide further information on the question of whether there is a link between adjudicated delinquency and learning disabilities. Ss were given an assessment battery which included three major parts: tests for determining presence or absence of learning disability, an observational schedule to assist with the determination, and a set of marker tests designed to be used in a subsequent analysis for construct validation. A final decision rule for learning disability absence/presence was devised with a sequence of 10 decision points (such as a difference of 15 points between the reading and math tests). Among findings were that 3% of the nondelinquent sample were classified as learning disabled (LD) on the basis of wide discrepancies within their performance on the tests or the presence of other indicators, but somehow had been able to achieve at least average scores for their age in reading and math, and were reclassified as non-LD by step 10; while in contrast, only on delinquent, less than a third of a percent, showed such a pattern. (SBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of ACLD (Kansas City, Kansas, 1978); Information contained in the paper is based upon an interim report and subject to later revision